Restore: Respect is funded by the Home Office and is a programme delivered in partnership with Restorative Solutions that works with young people in the Bradford area who have been victims of hate crime and violence.
By using a combination of training and restorative discussions, the project is already impacting on the lives of young people across the area and their families through the identification and delivery of restorative practice based interventions for hate crimes arising from race or religion that have been committed due to:
a) Thrill-seeking – driven by an immature and spontaneous need for excitement and drama.
b) Defensive – the attackers see themselves as defending their ‘turf’, neighbourhood, their workplace and religion.
c) Retaliatory – often seen as revenge
The pilot is based in West Yorkshire where hate crime was 46% higher between July-September 2016 than April-June 2016. There were over 3,700 hate incidents recorded by West Yorkshire Police in 2015/16. Around 85% of these were race-related. During the same period, hate crime incidents among young people have also almost doubled. Figures obtained by the Times Educational Supplement (TES) showed that there was an 89 per cent rise in police reports of hate crime last May, the month before the referendum was held, compared to the same month the previous year. In West Yorkshire between March-February 2015/16, there were 43 incidents of hate crime reported to the police in schools. There were 60 incidents of hate crime reported to the police between March-February 2016/17 in schools. That’s roughly a 40% increase.
Extensive research on the application of restorative justice in hate crimes has shown that restorative justice can be an effective response to hate crime (Gavrielides 2009; Walters 2015). Walter’s (2016) research showed that restorative justice directly improved the emotional wellbeing of the majority of the victims that interviewed in the framework of the research.
The programme uses restorative methods as part of a prevention plan with the aim to reduce long-term offending and re-offending. IARS is delivering the youth engagement and evaluation parts of the programme, building an evaluation model to determine the efficacy of the project over the 12 months it is being delivered.
Our project has four stages:
Stage 1: ‘Discuss and Design’ – engaging 20 young people from BAME and White communities in Bradford to establish the attitudinal and behavioural causes of hate crimes. Once the causes have been established the young people will be set the task of developing 5 early intervention and prevention measures based upon restorative principles to be used in Bradford.
Stage 2: ‘Building Capability’ –training at 10 young people to become ‘Advocates’ in promoting positive thought processes and reactions to prevent race hate incidents through; face-face at schools, sports clubs, social media. The ‘Advocates’ will receive training in Restorative Approaches and use social media to promote information and messages. Through our existing networks and relationships with community based organisations we will train 6 Practitioners that support BAME individuals in utilising restorative approaches. They will take referrals from the police and community, working with the victim and offender to assess whether a restorative approached intervention is appropriate.
Stage 3: ‘Restorative Interventions’ – Through existing work and referrals system with the Restorative Justice Service where a sanction is being considered the case will be referred to trained practitioners for a restorative approach intervention with perpetrators and victims.
Stage 4: ‘Spreading Positive Messages’ – Advocates will work with victims/offenders to tell their stories through local social media channels. Case studies will be promoted to local press, radio and to enable the local community in Bradford to understand the impact of hate crimes.
Our project aims are to:
Provide young people affected by hate crime with the opportunity to design restorative based approaches for victims and offenders of a hate incident triggered by race or religion.
Enable practitioners working with organisations that support BAME individuals with the skills to utilise restorative approaches in dealing with hate based crime.
Provide the Police Force with a new option for referring Out of Court Disposal cases for Hate Crime to a trained practitioner for delivery of a restorative based intervention.
To deliver a campaign through social media by Activists who promote inform and educate the local community about the conflict and harm caused by Race Hate crime.
The above aims will be delivered through our approach of:
Engaging young people to design the restorative based interventions
Training young people who have either been victims or witnessed hate crime to become ‘Activists’ in using social media to promote positive messages that prevent future hate crime.
Working with local BAME support organisations and training practitioners in Restorative Approaches.
Setting in place an agreement with the local police force in Bradford for Out of Court Disposals for Hate Crimes relating to race or religion to be referred to the project lead.
Delivering a continued campaign that informs and educates the local community through case studies, victim and offender statements of the harm and impact of hate crime.
The project is based on a logic model, which creates a pathway from the initial issue to the outcomes and impact the project will have. The logic model is presented here.
February 2018 – June 2018
The initial research for this project was completed in February 2018. After this, 12 sessions of training and workshops were delivered in Bradford with the sample, which consisted of 23 young people and 8 professionals working with young people. Our Youth Trainer Jamal was in Bradford delivering workshops for young people.
August 2018 – September 2018
During this phase IARS was analysing the outputs of the project delivery in order to determine the efficacy of the project over the 12 months it was delivered. The data included diversity monitoring forms, feedback evaluation forms and questionnaires for both young people and professionals.
The final event for the Restore: Respect project was held during Hate Crime Awareness Week on the 17th of October 2018 in Bradford (See Agenda below). The hate crime event showcased the project and the achievements of the young people involved, who were engaged throughout the delivery of the project from participating in workshops to planning and delivering the final event.
During the two-hour event Restorative Solutions together with IARS introduced the project and the final evaluation findings. After this, the young people, who have been at the heart of the project, shared their personal experiences, discussed hate crime and restorative justice, and presented their five restorative interventions. Furthermore, they launched the hate crime awareness poster, which they had also designed themselves (See Poster below). At the end of the event, the young people were awarded certificates of appreciation.
The final evaluation report was published in November 2018 as the final output of the Restore: Respect project. The final evaluation report summarises the key findings related to the outputs, outcomes and the impact of the project. Please see the final report below.
Our project aligns to the following aims in the cross-government hate crime plan:
Preventing hate crime – through the Advocates role in utilising social media to share the accounts from victims and offenders of hate crime and the impact its had on them.
Responding to hate crime in our communities – through setting up an agreement with local police force for referrals of all hate crime to the project for assessment.
Improving support for the victims of hate crime – restorative approaches have been evidenced as being an effective means of cope and recovery for victims. 85% of victims who take part in the process are shown to be satisfied.